In the furore of the WWW turning 25 on August 23rd, you might be excused for overlooking the birthday of Linux, which turns 25 today, on August 25th! But you shouldn’t be really, as the OS has come a long way since developer Linus Torvalds first asked for help on his personal coding project to create a new, free operating system kernel, and nobody could have predicted how Linux, or Freax as it was originally known, would grow!
25 Successes to Celebrate 25 years!
Development of the Linux kernel began and in September 1991 the original files were uploaded to the FTP server of FUNET (Finnish University and Research Network) where Torvalds was based.
January 5th – Linux Version 0.12 released, which was an improved, stable kernel.
In an interview with Meta Magazine, Linux Torvalds states that if 386BSD had been available at the time, he probably would not have created Linux
Issues with the trademark of the name Linux came to light when William R. Della Croce, an attorney in Boston, filed for it and then demanded royalties from Linux distributors. This was not resolved until 1997 when the trademark was then assigned to Torvalds.
First release of Red Hat Linux
The FSF (Free Software Foundation) withdrew sponsorship of Debian, one of the most popular Linux distros
Titanic, the highest-grossing film of all time upon release, was the first major film to be produced on Linux servers.
A new search engine comes to the fore – the Linux based Google!
Linux 2.2 released, a major update to the Linux kernel.
No issues to report here with the turn of the Millennium, with news in Feburary that Linux was the second-most-popular operating system for server computers according to the IDC report.
Linux V2.4 released – another major update that would enable compatibility with Intel’s upcoming generation of 64-bit Itanium computer processors
Linux 2.4.19 stable kernel is released in August, and stable kernel 2.4.20 is released in November.
Motorola release the A760 mobile handset, the first to use Linux. The phone offered full multimedia PDA functionality, built-in camera, Java technology and the Linux OS – a world first!
Ubuntu released in October, now the most popular Linux distribution among the top 1000 sites
Android Inc acquired by Google and developed into a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel. Android is now the dominant OS for smartphones and has the largest installed base of all operating systems.
Lenovo and Novell announce the first Linux based ThinkPad mobile workstation, the ThinkPad T60p
First Annual Linux Foundation Collaboration Summit held in June at Google’s campus in Mountain View, California.
Microsoft’s then CEO, Steve Balmer, announces that 60% of web servers were running Linux, vs 40% running Windows Server
The traditional Linux mascot, Â¬â Tux, took a holiday during the 2.6.29 kernel cycle and was temporarily replaced with Tuz, a Tasmanian Devil. Tux returned with the Linux 2.6.30 kernel.
Linux 2.6.33 is released, including Nouveau driver for Nvidia graphic cards, support for Nintendo Wii and Gamecube devices and many small bugfixes and improvements
First release of LibreOffice, the most actively developed office suite that is free and open source.
Dell announce the launch of Project Sputnik, focused on bringing Linux to “ultrabook” style laptops with touchscreens aimed at the developer market.
Firefox OS (project name Boot to Gecko) released. This has been developed by Mozilla and is based on the Linux kernel. Most recently, it has been announced that Firefox OS will power Panasonic UHD TVs.
LinuxMint classed as the best desktop distro of the year
W3Cook reports that 96.55% of web servers in the world run Linux